Happiness according to Aristotle and Immanuel Kant

We are taught at a very young age that we are looking for happiness, but no one really knows what it is. When you are a child, you can find happiness by playing toys and schoolmates. When we are children, the term happiness is minimal. As the years pass, the term happiness becomes much more expedient. We are looking to think that if we succeed in something, whether in a career, college or in relationships, we are trying to be happy. Some seek happiness with a faith or spiritual leader: "He who trusts in the Lord is happy" (Proverbs 4: 7). It seems that everyone has their own idea of ​​what makes them happy. It will be the intervention in us who seek happiness is the place for our existence. To find happiness, we will live a perfect life. What makes happiness, or better still, where happiness is present is a question that has been conceived by many great thinkers. Aristotle and Immanuel Kant had something to say about this subject. Both of these well-known philosophers have road maps, if you wish, congratulations. Yet, their teachings are different in how happiness can be achieved.

Aristotle wrote that we always choose happiness for ourselves, and never because of anything else. He believed happiness to be the end, and it is sustainable. That's the end where all virtue actions aim. It must be good or set of products that in themselves make it worth living. There are two actions Aristotle believes to be present in the concept of happiness. One is that there must be an end rather than a way. For example, I find that by being cheerful I get money, so I'm going to make money by having a cheerful disposition. Finally, my goal is to make money, so according to Aristotle, my joy is found in wealth. Because I found out to be cheerful (which does not seem to be happy) I could make money, I accept my attitude to being cheerful, I can get richer. Aristotle disagree because my final goal is to get richer, it's not to be happy.

Secondly, this happiness is self-sufficient. It is to be purchased exclusively, and not for the sake of anything else. Aristotle specifically mentions the pleasures of life (pleasure, comfort, etc.), life of moneymis, the life of political action and philosophical life, ie life of reflection or study. He has no patience in the life of moneymaking or life satisfaction. Yet, Aristotle, agree that it is a pleasure to live life.

He also writes that it is only through virtues that happiness can always be experienced. Virtues are the practices of the soul that you work well, ie. because it's nice and noble. As Aristotle gives it, virtues show the correct (right) reason. They are recognized by exercises and habituation. One becomes virtuous by acting virtuously, ie. By acting as a virtue happens, do what you should do when a man is on his way. The virtue comes to benefit from virtuously acting (because one thing we have not gained a certain value is when we perform actions of the kind that are associated with this value, we do not use these actions, but instead they feel depressed ). Similarly, one becomes ill by banning certain defective ways of becoming regular. One can have a bad and good habits. Virtue is difficult to achieve, as if we simply follow our tendency, we can not understand our potential. Even though we have a natural desire for happiness, our emotions often lead us away from our true happiness. Some never achieve virtuous activity, and only pursue what's right now. Self-esteem should not be the direct goal of our actions. It's impossible to get happiness without striving for what's right and true. Cognitive and moral virtues are necessary and must be normal. There are rules about what is virtuous and what is not. Everyone can be virtuous, but not everyone will be. Humans are able to learn, and through many years of thorough study, virtue can become perfect and all life.

One is not good at the food, but at the time of birth, a man was born with the senses. It is not until years of study that you learn how to make use of these sensations. It is important to keep in mind that it takes time to learn and develop to develop the virtue. For example, because of its young age, a child has not experienced the necessary necessary lessons as life is virtuous.

Aristotle wrote to life of pleasure, life politics and study life was necessary to complete and all life. Living a perfect life involves these goals. Living your goals according to merit is how to achieve happiness. In other words, we have the responsibility to do what is worth doing, as well as to do what we are good at doing. This will lead to the highest good, which is the end that is happiness. For example, a search for wealth was excluded because money is as good as what you can buy. That's how someone sees their money that shows us where they really think happiness lies. Is it a luxury or having a political power, or maybe spending it on a less fortress? They are what determine if you are on the right path to happiness.

According to Immanuel Kant, the roadmap is not as black and white as happiness. Kant thought the way to happiness could not be clearly known. Kant believed that it was too vague to protect personal happiness and make it unfit for the basis of morality. Kant argues that pursuing one's own happiness or one's interest is not the moral value of all. Kant acknowledges that we can never decide whether action is good or correct considering its impact on human happiness. He thought that a person is incapable of substantiating happiness to the principle. Happiness is indefinite and despite all the desire for happiness, he can never really know his / true wishes and will. Instead of looking for happiness, he found that the moral laws that were built for reason are what one should look for. Kant considers this to be of crucial importance. Categorical imperative is what statement of ethical duty, which I do the principle of my action (my "maximum" in Kant vocabulary). Categorical importance reflects the principle that all the principles of our actions (maxims) could consistently become universal laws.

Happiness is both premature and empirical to serve as a prerequisite for moral obligations. No two people share exactly the same taste. Do not share all the same interests and goals. Simply, what makes one person happy does not make it unnecessary to make another person happy. Everyone's experience is different; experience is necessary to achieve happiness. In other words, I do not know that something will make me happy just by thinking about it. Kant says it's not possible to know beforehand, but it will really contribute to your own happiness. The desire for our own happiness can not serve as an incentive to determine our willingness to do this or this action. Our own desire to be happy can not be fully known. Happiness is not good without education. According to Kant, all is good without education, goodwill.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *