Hypothalamus – Role of Incentive and Behavior

"Behavior is the core product of the brain, the most mysterious organs of all of them." Ian Tattersall (from Becoming Human.Evolution and Human Uniqueness 1998)

The question of why we are encouraged for certain behaviors is perhaps one of the basics of psychology. Since Pavlov described the condition in dogs in the famous magazine 1927, scientists have thought of the origin of amateurs that lead us to action. In most early twentieth century, behaviorists like Watson and Skinner explained the behavior of external physical stimulus, suggesting that learning, honors, and strengthening were reasons for inducing certain behaviors. However, this does not say the whole story. Over the past decades, the school's cognitive psychology has focused on complementary approaches: our wishes according to social and cultural factors that influence behavior. Furthermore, recent advances in neurological technology have allowed scientists insight into the very complex and modest nature of certain brain factors. This study has shown that the behavior necessary for survival also has its own biological basis .

Anatomy for own behavior like eating, drinking and controlling temperature can be attributed to blood pressure, area of ​​diencephalon. This article will examine the body role in such inspiring behaviors. It is important to keep in mind that motivated behavior caused by internal heat pressure is only one side of which is a complex and integrated response.

However, the autonomic nervous system connects to the endocrine system and serves many important functions. It's your home management center & # 39; of the body, maintain the balance of the internal environment by having specific body temperature, body weight, osmotic balance and blood pressure. It can be categorized as three primary outbreaks: the autonomic nervous system, the endocrine system and stimulating behavioral problems . The main role of hypothalamus in anxious behavior was presented as in 1954 by Eliot Stellar who suggested that " Amount of Interesting Behavior is a direct activity activity activity at some exciting centers of allergy " (p6). This postulation has inspired a lot of subsequent studies.

Many of these studies have been in the field of thermostatic. The ability of the body to maintain a stable internal environment is vital for the survival of many aseptic responses will only work within a narrow temperature. In 1961, Nakayama et al. Discovered. Heat-insulated neurons on the median area at the blood pressure. The following studies showed that erythropoietin stimulation started at onset and muscle pressure responses such as panting, tremor, sweating, vasodilation and vasoconstriction. However, there are also black side-side responses. It's much better to move around, rub your hands or put on extra clothes if you're cold. Similarly, if you're too hot you can remove some clothes or fan yourself to cool down. These motivated behaviors show that in contrast to constant stimulation reactions, motivated behavior induced by the body has a variable relationship between input and output. This interaction with our external environment may be "a choice", but it is clear that the motivation to make this choice has a biological basis.

You can explain the heat correction rules by what is sometimes called a "driving state". This is primarily a reflection light that begins with an internal stimulus that requires external response. Kendal (2000) defines driving states like "characterized by excitement and discomfort due to physiological needs and follow-up when needed" . The process begins with the input. Temperature changes from the periphery of the environment through heat-intensive neurons through a body that perceives both warmth and cold especially . The electrical signal (input) is then sent to the brain. Any deviation from what is known as the "setpoint" and "# 39; – in this case the temperature is about 37 ° – will then be identified as" error message "and # 39; corrosive neurons in the lumbar vertebra. Armed with these measurements and temperature transmissions are sent from blood, the hypoglycaemic episode causes relevant error responses, which include stimulant behavior to make physical adjustment, such as moving or removing excess clothing in an attempt to control your temperature.

This type of system's alarm system is common. which are essential for living like blood sugar and water levels are controlled in a similar way. However, the processes that encourage us to eat much more complicated.

Humans have developed a complex physiological system for controlling a diet that encompasses myrimental organs , hormones and physical systems. Furthermore, a lot of experiments support distinguishes the idea that hypertension plays a key role in this home energy intake by triggering behavior. Control energy balance is vital, and eating is primarily the maintenance of fat stores in the event of a food shortage. If low fat cells in the body are low, they release the hormone called leptin, which is diagnosed as an error in the lung hernia of the area. This then stimulates the pulmonary arterial hypertension to begin the pathway. In this case, we start to find a hungry turn, the black motive begins by stimulating us to eat.

Since the hypoglycaemia also regulates metabolism by monitoring blood glucose levels, it seems that we have a similar indication at temperature. But in reality, this is not a reality. The main difficulty in maintaining anxiety is that incentives arise not only from internal biological effects. Cultural and social factors also play an important role in encouraging when, what and how often to eat. In Western culture, social pressure can be thin, and it is in an emergency such as anorexia that the drive is turning. Motivation is no longer eating because they are hungry but are not eating enough to feel hungry. This corruption award system is well documented and relates to wild body images, an idea that is also associated with blood pressure and parietal lobe. Problems can also occur if an individual gets over stimulation to eat. The prevalence of obesity in today's society is a testimony of this fact.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *