Motivation Theory

The word motivation is derived from the Latin word "movere", which means moving. Motivation is defined as an internal drive that activates behavior and gives it a direction. The term motivational theory deals with the processes that describe why and how human behavior is active and directed. It is considered one of the most important areas of learning in the field of organizational behavior. There are two different classes of theory of motivation, such as the subject of theories, and the work of theory. Even though there are different motivational stones, all of them are not generally accepted.

Also known as theory theory, the subject theory of motivation is primarily focused on internal factors that stimulate and control human behavior. The Maslow Demonstration System, Alderfer's ERG theory, Herzberg's dual-factor theory, and McClelland's literacy or three-level knowledge are some of the key theory of content.

Of different types of subject matter, the most famous ingredient Abraham Maslow is the hierarchy of human resources. Maslow presented five basic basic needs through his theory. Basic needs are classified as physiological needs, safety and security needs, charity needs, self-esteem and self-esteem.

Like Maslow's hierarchy needs, the ERG theory describes the existence, connectivity and growth needs. With two-dimensional theory, Herzberg describes certain aspects of the workplace that lead to job satisfaction. The McClelland learning needs or the three-dimensional theory uses a technology called Thematic Training (TAT) to evaluate people based on three needs: power, achievement and relationships. People with great need for action take action in ways that affect other behaviors.

Another type of motivation theory is a process of theory. Methods of motivation provide an opportunity to understand the thinking processes that influence behavior. The main process of theory of encouragement are Adams & # 39; Qualitative research, Vroom ideology, objective knowledge and strengthening theory. Expectations, musical games and values ​​are the key concepts explained in the expectations program. The goal of a strategy plan suggests that individuals are encouraged to achieve their goals. It also requires set goals to be determined. Strength knowledge is about controlling behavior by changing its consequences.


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