Governance is important to success. We find leadership all around us. Each of us will fill the role of us at different times in our lives. Leader is found in the world of business, sports, politics, religion and as close as home. Leaders must respond to rapidly changing world and address the challenges it requires. There are different types of leaders and you will probably have many through time.
Understanding different styles of management and their impact will help you become a more successful leader.
In 1939, renowned psychologist Kurt Lewin taught classical style of leadership. These three types are well known, but certain types have been defined since. Leaders should not be confused with executives. Leaders are always managers, but the opposite is not necessarily the case. Good leaders will use the style or combination of styles that best suits the situation.
This is a copyright form of leadership where one person makes the decisions. Expectations are clear. Lewin and his colleagues found this form of leadership caused the most dissatisfaction. Used rarely but may be appropriate to complete regular or unskilled work.
- What's needed, as well as how and when is the leader's responsibility.
- Allows quick decisions when time is important.
- This is a less creative approach. A "Do what you are told" Obedient and strict form of control.
- Use when a group or member has no knowledge of work or practice.
- The autocratic style works best when no input is required. Input does not change decision or outcome.
Democratic leadership is a participant and often most effective. Employees and team members control their own destiny when they are part of the decision-making process, resulting in greater satisfaction and sense of appreciation. Although the leader has final words.
- The leader is a guide. Gets input and searches ideas and suggestions for discussion.
- Even if the leader can get the final team team contribution to the process.
- Democratic style can be difficult when the final decision is blocked by high review.
- People are more committed when taking part in making decisions. They have a personal share in the production.
- This style is useful and helps improve people's talents.
Delegative / Free Rein:
As a leader you can not do everything yourself. The leader must prioritize and assign tasks and decisions while still taking ultimate responsibility.
- Minimum direction.
- Allows the team decisions.
- Works well when the team or member has more education about the subject.
- This style works best with highly motivated and well-trained people.