Historical Meditation – Leadership in Africa's Primary

It's not right to think that good leadership in modern Africa has no effect on the past. This applies to both political and religious formal leadership, including a summit. Regardless of the kind of leadership (political or religious) or leadership, such as the head of state or head of the family, there are indications that the traditional idea of ​​leadership in Africa is still common in the daylight of leadership. In this article, the goal is to define the leadership concept in Africa in the primitive years of development of the continent. This process will also show how the people developed this concept. As an example of research, special attention will be paid to Sierra Leone because it is peculiar in being a African country established by Western power.

INDIGENOUS CONCEPT LEADERSHIP IN AFRICA

In its review of early culture, FK Buah in his book, "Ancient World", made this observation; "After a while, people saw that it was not safe for them to spread their homes and build them close to each other in the same place. There must be someone who will take care of the public good. The boss is usually the first man who had lived in the village or He was the boldness of the people who lived there. Up of the oldest and wisest men in the village. "From these words, FK Buah is the background to leadership's leadership. It can be seen that while the West has developed extensively in world-cities, a much larger part of Africa showed early and typical village settings. There are two things that can be said in the story above about how leaders were acknowledged in the past: First, they were acknowledged in terms of age or time in a particular area; Secondly, they were recognized by some personal attributes or achievements.

In his book, "History of Sierra Leone Magbaily Fyle discussed more about this early form of leadership in the continent. According to him, villages and towns may group into a section referred to as a state. The head of the main city in this section, usually the oldest town, was the head of that part. This head was recognized as a king because he had the family who found the town that became the center of the state.

Magbaily Fyle noted that At the beginning of most states, warfare had occurred. He said that if you are a great hunter or warrior, or even in Mende, being a popular "moriman", it's easy for this person to lead outstanding towns and eventually become kingdom king. Like FK Buah, Magbaily Fyle agreed that special good qualities were necessary for the recognition of leaders.

Warfare v is the most important factor in recognizing leaders. But, as Fyle saw, later people were considered ancestors to be great warriors, even though the man has to prove himself. FK Buah in his book, "West Africa and Europe," casts more light on Fyle's observation as mentioned above when he said that people moved from one place to another to make a new settlement due to bad climate, infertile land, famine , flood or war with stronger people. In cases where new settlements are developed for any of the aforementioned, other than war, consideration is given to the consideration of ancestors in recognition of leaders. In the case of war becomes a stronger leader. FK Buah discovered this when he discussed the history of Denykyira and Asante's people in Ghana in 1695. AD The Denkyiras ruled the Asante people then. According to Buah, Asante realized that they must be in direct contact with Europeans to become a powerful nation. Under Dekyiras, this could not happen, so they watched the opportunity to fight Denkyiras to get rid of themselves. This opportunity happened when King Denkyira asked for more taxes in gold. They used it and saved themselves. Asante then built up a powerful kingdom. FK Buah also said: "From what we read about Asante in books, we get them to spend most of their time in warfare."

The king or rulers were not the only leaders recognized in the early stages of Africa's development. Governments of Elders, to help Kings or Chiefs in their work have long been recognized in Africa. Concern at this point is how these elders were recognized. Magbaily Fyle pointed out that there were no written records about the names of these older ones at that time. These communities did little or nothing in writing. However, he said that everyone knew who the elders were. If one became important, he became older. He was fully acknowledged when his absence at a meeting raised observations among the elders.8

Fyle also pointed out that another category of leaders recognized in traditional Africa were the various hidden communities. Referring to the male company, he said that these leaders taught young people in humanity like fighting, hunting, the use of various herbs for cure disorders, recognition of social status and other issues. The point is that these leaders, who were not even political leaders of the village or state, also received recognition.9

IMPORTANT CHANGES IN THE TRADITIONAL AFFRICA

The traditional idea of ​​leadership in Africa has also influenced Western concepts. In most of the African countries, this has affected the period that led to independence. However, Sierra Leone is unique in the sense that the country has a direct impact on Western powers in its establishment as a nation. FK Buah in his book, "Africa and Europe," briefly described how the country was founded. He said that liberated slaves who became social problems in London, Nova Scotia and Jamaica were welcomed by British to coastal areas on the west coast of Africa and returned. The British government regularly controlled these resurrected slaves.10 Arthur Porter, in his book "Creoledom", revealed Western influence during the development of national development in the following quote: "Religious origin in Freetown did not have to wait for missionaries from Europe. Many of Nova Scotia The settlers had been Christians in Canada, and upon arrival they had set up chapels. "It can be seen from the quotation that the westerners have already influenced these structures before returning. They set up chapels, a copy of Western methods that are quite different from indigenous peoples. Ports were further monitored. "The churches were not exclusively dedicated to service and worship, they were also the centers of social life in society and provide activities where the saved negroes could gain leadership and leadership." Those seeking leadership. "Thus, many who have great talent and mature personality, if not a theoretical distinction, responded immediately and collected their own follow-up." 11. Like indigenous peoples, leadership for this African settlers struggle, although it was not physical. Also, personal capabilities and talents are considered FK Buah, in his book, "West Africa and Europe", pointing out that Christian missionaries who came shortly after the creation of Sierra Leone were prominent to lead because of age or because he has been the longest. Very interested in education. They built schools and later university. Because settlers and indigenous peoples became one people, the different terminology of the leaders combined together one. Leadership became more of a date or election rather than showing value.12

Resolution

Africans had an idea of ​​leadership from the primitive stages of the continent's development. The native people of the continent considered people who could protect them physically and sometimes mentally, such as warriors, hunters, morimans, etc., who qualified to lead. An elder is also considered wisdom and qualified for the person to lead or be in a ruling council.

Since most African countries were a colonel of Western powers and they founded others, another dimension of traditional leadership was developed in the continent. Leaders were recognized by educational appraisals. Agee was given little coverage. Leaders were appointed or elected. The leadership of the leaders was acknowledged or recognized, giving one part of knowledge of the leadership concept. It has been appointed or elected. The leadership of the leaders was acknowledged or recognized, giving one part of knowledge of the leadership concept. It has been shown that there is a mix of indigenous and western methods.

Historical Meditation: Leadership in Africa's Primary

It's not right to think that good leadership in modern Africa has no effect on the past. This applies to both political and religious formal leadership, including a summit. Regardless of the kind of leadership (political or religious) or leadership, such as the head of state or head of the family, there are indications that the traditional idea of ​​leadership in Africa is still common in the daylight of leadership. In this article, the goal is to define the leadership concept in Africa in the primitive years of development of the continent. This process will also show how the people developed this concept. As an example of research, special attention will be paid to Sierra Leone because it is peculiar in being a African country established by Western power.

INDIGENOUS CONCEPT LEADERSHIP IN AFRICA

In its review of early culture, FK Buah in his book, "Ancient World", made this observation; "After a while, people saw that it was not safe for them to spread their homes and build them close to each other in the same place. There must be someone who will take care of the public good. The boss is usually the first man who had lived in the village or He was the boldness of the people who lived there. Up of the oldest and wisest men in the village. "From these words, FK Buah is the background to leadership's leadership. It can be seen that while the West has developed extensively in world-cities, a much larger part of Africa showed early and typical village settings. There are two things that can be said in the story above about how leaders were acknowledged in the past: First, they were acknowledged in terms of age or time in a particular area; Secondly, they were recognized by some personal attributes or achievements.

In his book, "History of Sierra Leone Magbaily Fyle discussed more about this early form of leadership in the continent. According to him, villages and towns may group into a section referred to as a state. The head of the main city in this section, usually the oldest town, was the head of that part. This head was recognized as a king because he had the family who found the town that became the center of the state.

Magbaily Fyle noted that At the beginning of most states, warfare had occurred. He said that if you are a great hunter or warrior, or even in Mende, being a popular "moriman", it's easy for this person to lead outstanding towns and eventually become kingdom king. Like FK Buah, Magbaily Fyle agreed that special good qualities were necessary for the recognition of leaders.

Warfare v is the most important factor in recognizing leaders. But, as Fyle saw, later people were considered ancestors to be great warriors, even though the man has to prove himself. FK Buah in his book, "West Africa and Europe," casts more light on Fyle's observation as mentioned above when he said that people moved from one place to another to make a new settlement due to bad climate, infertile land, famine , flood or war with stronger people. In cases where new settlements are developed for any of the aforementioned, other than war, consideration is given to the consideration of ancestors in recognition of leaders. In the case of war becomes a stronger leader. FK Buah discovered this when he discussed the history of Denykyira and Asante's people in Ghana in 1695. AD The Denkyiras ruled the Asante people then. According to Buah, Asante realized that they must be in direct contact with Europeans to become a powerful nation. Under Dekyiras, this could not happen, so they watched the opportunity to fight Denkyiras to get rid of themselves. This opportunity happened when King Denkyira asked for more taxes in gold. They used it and saved themselves. Asante then built up a powerful kingdom. FK Buah also said: "From what we read about Asante in books, we get them to spend most of their time in warfare."

The king or rulers were not the only leaders recognized in the early stages of Africa's development. Governments of Elders, to help Kings or Chiefs in their work have long been recognized in Africa. Concern at this point is how these elders were recognized. Magbaily Fyle pointed out that there were no written records about the names of these older ones at that time. These communities did little or nothing in writing. However, he said that everyone knew who the elders were. If one became important, he became older. He was fully acknowledged when his absence at a meeting raised observations among the elders.8

Fyle also pointed out that another category of leaders recognized in traditional Africa were the various hidden communities. Referring to the male company, he said that these leaders taught young people in humanity like fighting, hunting, the use of various herbs for cure disorders, recognition of social status and other issues. The point is that these leaders, who were not even political leaders of the village or state, also received recognition.9

IMPORTANT CHANGES IN THE TRADITIONAL AFFRICA

The traditional idea of ​​leadership in Africa has also influenced Western concepts. In most of the African countries, this has affected the period that led to independence. However, Sierra Leone is unique in the sense that the country has a direct impact on Western powers in its establishment as a nation. FK Buah in his book, "Africa and Europe," briefly described how the country was founded. He said that liberated slaves who became social problems in London, Nova Scotia and Jamaica were welcomed by British to coastal areas on the west coast of Africa and returned. The British government regularly controlled these resurrected slaves.10 Arthur Porter, in his book "Creoledom", revealed Western influence during the development of national development in the following quote: "Religious origin in Freetown did not have to wait for missionaries from Europe. Many of Nova Scotia The settlers had been Christians in Canada, and upon arrival they had set up chapels. "It can be seen from the quotation that the westerners have already influenced these structures before returning. They set up chapels, a copy of Western methods that are quite different from indigenous peoples. Ports were further monitored. "The churches were not exclusively dedicated to service and worship, they were also the centers of social life in society and provide activities where the saved negroes could gain leadership and leadership." Those seeking leadership. "Thus, many who have great talent and mature personality, if not a theoretical distinction, responded immediately and collected their own follow-up." 11. Like indigenous peoples, leadership for this African settlers struggle, although it was not physical. Also, personal capabilities and talents are considered FK Buah, in his book, "West Africa and Europe", pointing out that Christian missionaries who came shortly after the creation of Sierra Leone were prominent to lead because of age or because he has been the longest. Very interested in education. They built schools and later university. Because settlers and indigenous peoples became one people, the different terminology of the leaders combined together one. Leadership became more of a date or election rather than showing value.12

Resolution

Africans had an idea of ​​leadership from the primitive stages of the continent's development. The native people of the continent considered people who could protect them physically and sometimes mentally, such as warriors, hunters, morimans, etc., who qualified to lead. An elder is also considered wisdom and qualified for the person to lead or be in a ruling council.

Since most African countries were a colonel of Western powers and they founded others, another dimension of traditional leadership was developed in the continent. Leaders were recognized by educational appraisals. Agee was given little coverage. Leaders were appointed or elected. The leadership of the leaders was acknowledged or recognized, giving one part of knowledge of the leadership concept. It has been appointed or elected. The leadership of the leaders was acknowledged or recognized, giving one part of knowledge of the leadership concept. It has been shown that there is a mix of indigenous and western methods.

ENDNOTES:

1.FK Buah, West Africa and Europe (London: Macmillan Publishers, 19), p. 56.

2.Magbaily Fyle, Saga Sierra Leone (London: Evans Brothers Limited, 1981), p. 56.

3.Ibid, p.

4.Ibid, p. 57.

5.FK Buah, West Africa and Europe (London: Macmillan Publishers, 1960), p. 96.

6.Ibid, pp.112-3.

7.Ibid, p. 116

8 Magbaily Fyle, Saga Sierra Leone (London: Evans Brothers Limited, 1981), p. 59.

9 p. 66.

10 FK Buah, West Africa and Europe (London: Macmillan Publishers, 1960), P158 / 9

11 Arthur Porter, Creoledom (London: Oxford University Press, 1963), p. 78/9

12 FK Buah, West Africa and Europe (London: Macmillan Publishers, 1960), p. 161.

SOURCE SBOBET

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