Leadership – Types of Leaders

Leadership can be characterized by different ways. Sometimes the focus is on management style, but at other times emphasis is placed on the qualities of leaders. Yet another way to look at leadership models with organizational levels. Leading at different levels of organization requires leaders to use different approaches in each level. Thus, it is important for leaders to understand the different types of leadership and what they need to do to be successful leaders in each level. Although complex organizations may have multiple points, the following are the main types of leadership based on the organizational structure:

Self-management: Whether you are leading a small team or a large organization, all autonomous self-management initiatives begin. Self-management begins with the sense and development of human emotional information. Leaders must know themselves first before they can actually lead others.

Individual Leadership: Individual leadership is a high level achievement as an individual contribution. Leadership is not only a function of charter status but also a unique achievement. Anybody at all levels of an organization can be a leader even if they are not in formal leadership. Individuals leaders are recognized for their leadership in setting the pace and maximum standards in their work.

Summit: Summit is the leadership of a small team. It involves direct communication between leaders and their followers. Generally, a leader is in close contact with his team members and the leader is responsible for everything the team does or not.

Organizational leadership: Organizational leadership is the leader of the intermediate and highest level of organizations. This type of leadership is an indirect leader because leaders generally do not have direct contact with everyone in the organization. They indirectly lead by influencing a larger organization with subordinate leaders. They also have indirect leaders throughout the organization by managing cultural criteria, rewards and recognition plans and relations.

Macro leadership: Macro leadership is the leadership of complex organizations or even political units of government where many stakeholders are. As difficult as leading a big company, it is unimaginably more difficult to lead a city, state or country as an elected political leader. A leader must lead by building a political organization and using the status of authority and influence to monitor his followers in the future. Perhaps this is the hardest leadership because it is so dependent on convictions and charisma summits, even when they hold a high office like the mayor, governor, prime minister or president.

While there are common elements of leadership at all these levels, there are also important differences. Leaders must use different leadership skills to lead a team, institution or city. For example, group leaders announced in the organizational leadership role will find that the direct leadership skills they used as a team leader will not work as well during the planning. If they can not quickly make a transition and learn how to lead indirectly, they will probably not succeed. It is important for the leader to recognize these differences and understand how they must exercise their leadership. Understanding the different types of leadership will be the difference between success and mistakes as a leader.


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